Super hirsute women

Added: Nicholaus Bastien - Date: 22.07.2021 22:33 - Views: 33812 - Clicks: 1002

Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Learn More. Excessive hair on the face is a ificant cause for distress amongst women. Permanent hair reduction methods including lasers and pulsed light devices are increasingly being used. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of near infrared pulsed light source for permanent hair reduction in women seeking treatment for excessive hair growth on the upper lip and chin.

This was a prospective observational study done at a tertiary care hospital in South India. Women above 18 years of age were observed for six sittings of the treatment for excessive hair over the upper lip and chin using a near infrared intense pulsed light device.

Super hirsute women

Efficacy was evaluated by measuring percentage hair reduction using digital photography. Side effects were noted. Student's unpaired t -test using the super hirsute women SPSS version Percentage hair reduction at the end of 6 sittings in 24 women for the upper lip and chin was Out of the 24 women, 12 had PCOS and the difference in hair reduction in these women was statistically inificant when compared to that observed in those without PCOS.

Only two patients experienced side effects in the form of mild pain and discomfort. Intense pulsed light is a safe and efficacious tool for permanent hair reduction over the upper lip and chin, efficacy being similar in patients with or without PCOS. The presence of excessive facial hair in women causes ificant emotional distress and has a negative impact on their quality of life; so much so that in one study, women with polycystic ovarian syndrome PCOS rated excessive facial hair to have a larger impact on quality of life than other manifestations of PCOS such as infertility and menstrual problems.

Temporary hair removal methods shaving, waxing, depilatory creams, threading, etc. Bleaching with chemicals can lead to contact sensitisation and toxicity. Permanent hair removal i. In this prospective study, we assessed the efficacy and safety of super hair removal SHR module of pulsed light source using a near infrared wavelength of nm.

Although studies have found this system to be safe and effective, most of these studies have been done on fairer skin types. Further, this study also aims to evaluate if there is a difference in response amongst those with PCOS and those without. This was a prospective observational study done at a dermatology outpatient department OPD of a tertiary care hospital in South India, between the period of October and August after obtaining due approval super hirsute women the Institutional Ethics Committee.

Twenty-four women older than 18 years of age with Fitzpatrick skin Types IV and V, who attended the dermatology OPD for treatment of perceived excessive hair on the upper lip and chin, were included in the study after informed consent. Women who have undergone laser hair removal or other permanent hair reduction treatment ly, those with photosensitivity, any active skin disease over the face, pregnant and lactating women and those on any photosensitising medication were excluded from the study.

Patients were evaluated by a detailed history and clinical examination followed by relevant laboratory investigations and ultrasonography USG of the abdomino-pelvis to rule out any underlying hormonal abnormality. Hair on the upper lip and chin was trimmed close to the skin surface. Hair count was done by taking digital photographs of the right upper lip, left upper lip, right chin and left chin separately.

Super hirsute women

Hair thickness was graded before the first and after the last sitting. The hair density and thickness was graded as follows:. No anaesthesia was used since the cooling sapphire tip of the handpiece facilitated relatively pain free hair removal. Settings used were as follows:. Patients underwent six sittings of treatment at intervals of about 4 weeks. Patients were allowed to use only those hair removal methods during this period which do not uproot the hair, e.

The use of threading, plucking, lasers or electrolysis was not permitted. Super hirsute women adverse effect arising due to the treatment was noted. Patients answered a patient satisfaction questionnaire, wherein they graded their satisfaction with the treatment on a numerical scale of 1— Age of the patients ranged from 18 years to 34 years. Eleven of these patients had Fitzpatrick skin type IV, and thirteen had skin type V. All patients completed six sittings. Hair reduction for the upper lip in our patients ranged from The average reduction seen in patients with PCOS was For chin, the average hair reduction was Average reduction in super hirsute women without PCOS was Out of 24 patients, 22 did not complain of any side effect.

One patient complained of burning sensation in 2 of the 6 sittings, and one patient complained of pain during the procedure in one sitting over the upper lip. Out of 24 patients, 19 showed reduction in hair thickness and density by two grades, whereas one and four patients showed reduction by one and three grades, respectively. IPL devices are non-laser high-intensity light sources using a high-output flash lamp to emit non-coherent light of broad wavelength, usually in the — nm range.

Our study found this method to be efficacious with an average reduction of This is contradictory to the view of Kolinko and Littler who proposed that areas with thick skin such as the chin respond less favourably as compared to areas with relatively thin skin.

Super hirsute women

This, however, must be weighed against the possibility of higher side effects considering that the skin over the upper lip is thinner than the chin. A another non-comparative study using long-pulsed Nd: YAG showed greater hair reduction than that observed in our study. Another study by El-Badawi et al. As compared to diode laser, Klein et al.

Super hirsute women

Table 2 gives a brief summary of some studies comparing IPL devices with other devices [ Table 2 ]. Some studies comparing intense pulsed light with other devices for permanent hair reduction. Patients with PCOS did not show any difference in efficacy or safety profile in our study in terms of hair reduction and reduction in grade of thickness and hair density. Side effects reported by IPL hair reduction have been infrequent and transient, including erythema, isolated vesicles, minimal scarring, pain, burning, pigmentary changes, crusting and perifollicular oedema.

Super hirsute women

Apart from a study by Karaca et al. Deeper penetration of such high temperatures can cause alterations in the dermis and pain. Different IPL systems use different cooling systems such as forced refrigerated air, contact cooling tips used in our machine and cryogen spray. One of the notable findings in our study was that even though all patients had reduced hair counts at the end of six sittings, three patients showed a slight increase in counts in intermediary sittings.

This could be explained by the phenomenon of paradoxical hypertrichosis. It is the paradoxical increase in hair counts due to subtherapeutic thermal injury causing induction of hair cycle and activation of surrounding dormant follicles. This is most likely due to use of suboptimal fluence. The major limitation of our super hirsute women is relatively small sample size.

We recommend further studies in this field on Indian skin types and those that give individually for different body areas. Furthermore, based on the fact that transient paradoxical hypertrichosis was seen in three patients and the incidence of side effects was low in our study, treatment with higher fluence may be tried to see if better reduction can be obtained with minimal side effects. This is supported by higher hair reduction in other studies with greater fluence used.

Super hirsute women

The efficacy of IPL device in permanent hair reduction is comparable to the popular laser devices used today, with superior safety profile compared to other devices. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. J Cutan Aesthet Surg. Pratik Thacker and Pramod Kumar. Author information Copyright and information Disclaimer. Address for correspondence: Dr. E-mail: moc. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Background: Excessive hair on the face is a ificant cause for distress amongst women. Aims: The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of near infrared pulsed light source for permanent hair reduction in women seeking treatment for excessive hair growth on the upper lip and chin.

Settings and De: This was a prospective observational study done at a tertiary care hospital in South India. Materials and Methods: Women above 18 years of age were observed for six sittings of the treatment for excessive hair over the upper lip and chin using a near infrared intense pulsed light device. : Percentage hair reduction at the end of 6 sittings in 24 women for the upper lip and chin was Conclusions: Intense pulsed light is a safe and efficacious super hirsute women for permanent hair reduction over the upper lip and chin, efficacy being similar in patients with or without PCOS.

Table 1. Open in a separate window. Figure 1. Figure 4. Figure 2. Figure 3. Table 2 Some studies comparing intense pulsed light with other devices for permanent hair reduction. Financial support and sponsorship Nil. Conflicts of interest There are no conflicts of interest.

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Super hirsute women

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